The Oakland Raiders held the seventh overall selection in the 2009 NFL Draft. With the seventh overall pick, the Raiders selected WR Darrius Heyward-Bey from the University of Maryland. Heyward-Bey is the first wide receiver selected by the Raiders in the first round since Heisman Trophy winner Tim Brown in 1988.

In the 2008 season, the Raiders finished 5-11 in the regular season, finishing in third place in the AFC West. This is the Raiders' first draft under head coach Tom Cable, who took over for Lane Kiffin on an interim basis during 2008, then was awarded the full-time job in February.

The Raiders have used four of their last six first-round selections on offensive players. Prior to that, they'd selected five consecutive players from the defensive side of the ball.
- The Raiders traded the 40th overall pick in the 2nd round of the 2009 NFL Draft to the New England Patriots in exchange for the 47th, 124th, and 199th overall picks on Arpil 25, 2009.

- The Raiders traded the 7th pick in the 5th round (143rd overall) along with a 2008 2nd-round pick to the Atlanta Falcons in exchange for DeAngelo Hall on March 20, 2008.